National Team Membership
At the end of the 80s of the last century, an almost unknown Polish caster appeared at the European championships in Berlin. It was the year 1987. Twenty-first place in the pentathlon and sixth place in one event as his best placing, that results did not predict that he was a caster who would eventually become the only Polish man having over 20 individual medals.
Wlodek Targosz walked a long way with Casting. For his last time he took part in world championship in 2019, so an incredible 32 years passed between the first and last competition. During that time he was able to win 25 medals (1st place in Poland).
There were a total of 5 golds (3rd-5th place in Poland), including one world title in the x-thlon.
His the best events were fly fishing distances, either single-handed or salmon.
The average medal gain per 1 participation in the championship was 0.86, which ranks him in 5th place.
The beginnings of casting in Poland date back to the fifties of the last century, when individual fishing organizations, established as early as 1879, decided to merge into one large organization, called Polski Związek Wędkarski. Above all, casting began to develop in huge centers, first in Kraków, then in Poznań and other cities such as Katowice, Kielce or Warsaw.
Wlodek started his casting adventure in the winter season of 1974-75. At that time, he was more interested in classic fishing (floating) and football (soccering). It was a harsh period of communism, when there were quite a few sports halls and the youth had nowhere to play sports in the winter. That's when Wlodek visited a meeting with the local Kraków floating fishing champion, Mr. Marko Mróz. Here the champion showed the fishing youth how to tie hooks, how to make floats and similar interesting things. At the end, the local coach came and offered the opportunity to practice casting during training on Saturday and Sunday. The trainings on Saturday and Sunday lasted 8 hours, which was not a problem for Wlodek so he went to these trainings without hesitation. Who knows if he was more attracted to the casting, which took place for 3 hours, or rather to the subsequent football, which was played for the remaining 5 hours. He was definitely happy to be able to play football in the hall.
Participating the casting competitions was not easy. Just like in our Czech country that time of the greatest boom, not everyone could go to the competition. To be able to go to the Polish Championship, it was necessary to reach the point limit that nominated the competitor for participation. And surprisingly, Wlodek managed to meet this limit already during the outdoor season of 1975. Finally he could not go to the championship, he had to go on vacation with his family. But from that moment he started doing his casting training regularly. The better results came soon, the following year he took part in the Polish championship.
Poland, unlike the competitions in the Czechia, has a long-standing tradition in spinning (plug) triathlon - arenberg, skish and one-handed distance. At that time, as a fifteen-year-old boy, Wlodek won his first medal. Only that triathlon was announced, and Wlodek won bronze in it for third place. And this despite the fact that in the 1970s there was a lot of very good young casters in Poland from organizations in Poznań, Krakow or Katowice.
At that time, just like in our country, the international cups abroad were a big attraction, and that was also the reason why so many people tried to get into the national team, either to "A-team" or at least to "B-team". There was no difference in Poland, even though the GDR (German Democratic Republic) or Czechoslovakia was meant by foreign countries. Even so, it motivated the competitors to push themselves and try to get into the national team. And Wlodek managed to do it in 1978, when he got into the national "B-team".
In addition to the opportunity to go abroad, Wlodek gained another improvement in his development. Until now, he could only compare the technique with other Polish competitors. From the moment he was able to go outside, he was able to watch the international casters, i.e. the best ones from the GDR and Czechoslovakia.
Wlodek enjoyed the fly distance single-handed the most. He devoted himself to it the most, and also trained here most often and for the longest time. Thanks to being able to meet casters from the GDR, he was able to observe the techniques of the best racers of the 70s and 80s. These included Wildfried Noack, Kedajnis Wolfgang Otto and Thomas Harring. But Wlodek's idol was another caster - Joachim Ohme. He had a very interesting technique and was one of the furthest casters at the time. Of course, he also got medals at two world championships. In 1971 (Pécs) he took the silver and in 1972 (Augsburg) he took the bronze medal.
Unlike others, Joahim Ohme held the rod very low, so he did not rest the handle on his forearm. He also held the rod with a side grip like a spear. A very difficult technique to master, but Wlodek wanted to master it. There was only one minor problem - he wasn't quite as physically fit as a boy. The arms are long, but the muscles would be hard to find on them. In addition, weak wrists that took a lot of work when casting and Wlodek had to strangle them so that the pain was not so huge.
He managed to perfect his technique only after his thirties, when he worked a lot on his arms. Then he didn't even need to strangle wrists anymore and stopped doing it. He eventually adopted the "Ohme" technique in such a way that he uses the rod holding low and with a side grip even when fly-fishing... :)
The first foreign competition that Wlodek participated in took place right behind Polish border, in the town of Weißwasser. Not that it was a successful competition, but he remembers the competition fondly. Poland was experiencing many changes in the 1980s. Solidarity, high inflation, there was no money for everything. This was also the reason why the Polish national team did not participate in many World or European championships.
The first championship that Wlodek visited was held in Berlin, the European championship in 1987. It was placed at the Olympia Stadium in the Spandau district. In the stadium where the Summer Olympics were held in 1936. It was something incredible for Wlodek, he had never seen such a huge stadium before (330 meters long and 210 meters wide). As if there were six football fields together. To this day, he still vividly remembers how it was raining there and he still did lay down on the ground and was fascinated by how flat the grass was in the stadium.
Wlodek did not start badly in this championship. At the Fly skish he missed only a wet target once, which was not a bad result. But 15 competitors casted 100 points and another 9 competitors casted the same as Wlodek. At arenberg it was 96 points. Three competitors had a full count and one had a 98, leaving Wlodek tied for 5th through 13th. The problem was with the spinning skish, it didn't quite work and brought down the pentathlon.
But Wlodek showed others a prediction what would be his main event in the future. He achieved the best position in fly single-handed distanceevents, fly combination and single-handed fly distance. At fly combination the targets probably affected the final event result, maybe that was why Wlodek finished only in 10th place. But he finished sixth in the purely distance event, right behind fourth Karel Světelský and fifth Ivan Zelenka.
At that time, Wlodek did not cast double-handed and multiplier events, so he only placed in the pentathlon, where he took 21st place. The male part of the Polish national team consisted of only four men and together they took 5th place in the team competition.
A year later, Wlodek participated his first world championship. That time he moved to Varna, Bulgaria. The fly skish and the arenberg were the same as one year earlier. One zero from the wet casts, 4 points lost at arenberg. The spinning skish was improved, there were only two zeros. But still it didn't look like a medal chance in the target events, because 100 points result was casted by 25 competitors at fly skish and another 9 casters did it at spinning skish. But Wlodek managed to win the first medal, he finished in third place behind Karel Světelský and Felix Lachnit in the fly combination. He defended the bronze by 22 centimeters before Henrik Österberg. At that time, he managed to get in front of the legendary fly fishing magician, the American Steve Rajeff. He fought with him many times in fly fishing disciplines.
Also thanks to the result on the fly combination and the improved spinning skish, Wlodek moved up in the pentathlon and finished in 14th place, the second best position of the Polish casters. Poland guys also moved up with the team, finishing in 4th place. At this championship, Wlodek also tried double-handed events, so he was included in the octathlon. But on the double-handed spinning distance, he could not cast into court area, so it was not such a good result. He still did not cast multi events.
Wlodek did not only participated the championships, he also participated in international competitions. He often visited Czechoslovakia, where he made great friends from when he was still a junior. For example, Ivan Zelenka or Karel Světelský. He actually saw Karel more often, because they used to meet at regional Moravian-Silesian-Poland competitions, organized for example in Katowice. But Wlodek also met other competitors, such as Karel Mach, Karel Pavlík, Luboš Šram, the Lexa brothers and the Luxa brothers. And many others. What a shock it was when, in 1988, everyone watched sixteen-year-old Patrik Lexa win the adult world championship in Varna. However, history later showed up what an exceptional caster Patrik was.
Since 1975 casting rules changed several times. The biggest one came around 1993, when the fly combination event was abolished and replaced by the single-handed fly distance, previously known as the sixth event, counted in the octathlon. Casters have always been afraid of changes. They were forced to leave the rods with which they were casted at that time, and to replace them with new ones. Suddenly the caster did not need a soft tip on the rod to be able to hit targets in addition to the fly distance. It was just a matter of distance since 1993. This was also why soft tips began to be replaced by harder ones. Super sinking Wet Cel lines started to be used and they flew further. It was a big leap and it produced amazing results many times. The Czechoslovak casters were already casting with them, but since the new rules competition has been something like Formula 1. Similarly, the spinning distance has changed, metal plugs have been replaced by plastic ones called Jihlávka. The minimum line thickness was also determined. Suddenly the events were not about the casting technique, the goal was to push really big power into the cast. It changed both distance events forever.
The later change to using orange Air Flo fly lines no longer brought such an effect in fly distance events.
In 1996, there was a decision to hold the world championship outside of Europe after a long time. The location was in the Republic of South Africa. That was 12 years after the world championship in Canada and that was the last time the world championship was not held in Europe. The conditions were strange. September in Europe is like April in South Africa. The chairman Ulf Janson visited the place a year earlier and reported how everything was beautiful and green, just like in Europe during the spring. Well, upon arrival in 1996, the competitors were greeted by a landscape yellow from drought and the ever-present dust.
It was interesting that the air was really good for distance events. Jacek Kuza made new world record in fly distance, casting 72 meters with best cast. And Steve Rajeff was able to cast even more - 75 meters, but with invalid wind support. Michael Brösch made new world record in single-handed spinning distance, casting over 80 meters. As Steve Rajeff, Michael Harter had best cast in this event behind 82 meters, but also with invalid wind support. And double-handed events were around 97 meters (fly distance) and 120 meters (spinning distance). Patrik Lexa had 558 points in pentathlon, Thomas Maire 894 points in Heptathlon, Steve Rajeff 1 149 points in allround... yes, it was amazing competition.
It was great competition for Wlodek, we got between first 10 casters in four events and also in x-thlons - 7th place in pentathlon, 5th place in heptathlon and 8th place in allround.
After the competition some teams stayed in country for a while and had a trip to local Safari in National Park of Kurger at east of South Africa, close to Mozambiqueborder. As Wlodek said - it was unforgettable. Many photos and lot of memories preserved till now.
Last championship before next change of rules was in Pilsen, year 1999. European championship. Last time for rules that only a few casters remember. What was different?
Well, for example the target events - final round for all having the best result. Four casters had 100 points? Then only those four casters fought for medals in final. Only two had 100 points and next ten casters had 95? Ok, then the first two guys having 100 points fought for gold and silver in final. The next 100 casters having 95 points fought only for the one bronze medal. Several times happened in women category that one lady had 100 points, second one had 95 points and next three women had 90 points. The lady with 100 points won gold, the lady with 95 won silver and the next three ladies fought for bronze medal.
And in distance events the longest cast determined the winner. Everyone had only one try. Who was lucky and got wind and knew how to cast, then the guy had longest cast and won. No another final rounds there.
Wlodek was successful there. He got silver medal for single-handed fly distance. If summary of both casts would count, Wlodek would be fifth. But longest cast determined the ranking and Wlodek had cast over 60 meters. Second place right behind Josef Luxa.
Then year 2000 and for several times new rule changes came on championship in Sweden. That time final round came. Well, the original vision was having semi-final and then final rounds. In some events it was really hard to get medal. In some cases it was disputable if it was fair. Probably it was tuned during the championship because first day 34 casters moved to semi-final round and then 8 best casters moved to final round but other days only final round remained in next events.
In single-handed fly distance Wlodek did well, third best cast in semi-final round. Unfortunately he was sixth in final round...
On the other side, in spinning distance he was below the medal positions but during final round he moved to bronze medal position. It was similar in multi distance where he moved from fifth place of base round to bronze medal position in final round.
In Sweden there were other new ideas. Like anti-doping controls, being done on each championship till now. Special idea was super casting. Competition of two casters in pentathlon. This interesting and exciting competition finally disappeared from casting universe, unfortunately. Last info about super casting competition is from 2007.
Following European championship was held in Slovakian Nové Zámky in 2001. On airport. Target events were done in old rules way but distance events included final rounds. There were very strong wind. Wlodek was one of five casters able to cast over 70 meters in fly distance single-handed. For medal in final round he needed 24 centimeters more.
Wlodek also got to final round of spinning distance double-handed but he was 7th there.
And he got to final round one more time. In multi distance. Somehow with luck he got to final from last 8th place. Even during final round it did not look like medal chancy. Maybe that was why he decided to do maximal risk. Wlodek removed the big brake and kept only one very little. And went for final cast. Anything could happen. Could tangle after 30 meters of fly and fell down, the reel can twist incredibly fast and if the plug won't use all free line since the beginning of fly, it is over for the reel. And Wlodek knew that. But he tried. It was after raining, air was wet and almost no wind. He swayed the plug. Now or never. He put the plug behind his body, looked into the court area and put as much power as he was able to the rod. Plug hurtled toward the all previous results and took all the line provided by reel. No tangling even after 60 meters, plus still flying in the air. A while of expectation, a while of tension. Finally plus fell down. Measurement could begin.
It was incredible. Risk made sense. Wlodek had the last cast 6 meters longer than second best caster. With this multiplier cast of his life Wlodek won his first gold medal...
And another amazing competition, world championship in Slovenian Bled, year 2002. Wlodek got to final in fly skish and prepared great show in final round casting 100 points in 1 minute and 30 seconds. Only Swedish Henrik Harjanne was better, finished 25 seconds earlier. Well, another medal for Wlodek, silver one that time.
A pity, distance events were not good enough. Wlodek got to final in both single-handed distance events but we was not so lucky. That means he needed 1,5meters more in fly distance and 1,25 meters in spinning distance. Never mind, he was happy for his big friend Jacek that won the spinning distance.
But when all his results summarized - great distances and his best target loss so far (only 9 points), Wlodek reached something that no Poland man had not been able to reach before - Wlodek got a medal in pentathlon. It was also the first medal in any x-thlon for Poland man on world championship (Jacek got his bronze medal for allround on Europe championship - 1995).
And it still was not everything. Wlodek got another medal. It was silver for multi distance. And this year was also special for team competition. For very first time Poland male team was better than Czech team. Germany won, Poland was second and Czechia was on third place.
It was very special and successful championship. Wlodek got 3 individual medals for his first time. Celebration was huge. Yes, that is why casters say that ceremony after party is the last event the casters have to deal with...
How many casters can say "I was casting with my son or daughter on one championship"? Alena Kläusler? Juraj Mészáros? Yes, definitely they can say that. And since European championship in Berlin, year 2003, Wlodek can say it too. After successful junior championship, winning by Wlodek's son Mateusz, they moved to Berlin together. To the same stadium where Wlodek started his representative career in 1987. Return to the scene...
Wlodek won one bronze medal for his multi distance event. Four time in a row. Who can say that was able to get medal in any event for years in a row?
But Wlodek remembers the championship for double-handed spinning distance. There was special situation. Results from base round were sorted and final round started. After all three casts of all final casters and determining the winner new information came - protest about ranking. One caster was not sorted well and should be in the final. Protest accepted, new final round started. Another three casts of all final casters. The caster with protest won. That time another protest came. Someone checked the results correctly and found out Mateusz should be in the final. Checked the result of base round again. Protest accepted. Again.
Final round for third time. That time with Mateusz. And the 16-years old junior won!! He won his first adult gold medal for Poland. It was one of two male golds the Polish team got that year.
Anyway, Mateusz was special case of caster. Beating all adult casters in double-handed spinning distance? Well, in 2004 he showed up his real quality. Sure, he won junior championship again, move Polish team to gold medal (Czech team was third that year), but at adult championship he gripped attentions of other by double-handed fly distance.
It is really not easy to handle salmon distance. Mostly juniors even do not try this event and those that try it begin be good at it after they are adult. I Mateusz had problems with making loops that would fly to interesting distances. He did not listen to his father's advices. Rumors say it is standard process when sons do not listen to their fathers when sons get to that age... But during one international competition in Karlsdorf Juraj Mészáros came to Mateusz and with calm speech showed him what Mateusz was doing wrong.
And result of this? Mateusz got into group of 8 best casters with 3rd best cast and in final everyone was beaten by Mateusz!! Including such legends as Steve Rajeff. Incredible performance of 17-years old boy. No evidence about any other junior caster that would win both double-handed events on championship of adult casters before his 18-years age.
Wait a moment - and what about Wlodek? Yeah, he was there too. Unlucky. Even in the multi distance was bad. Best result was 4th place in heptathlon, missing 1.2 points for 3rd place (Steve Rajeff).
Year 2005 brought another silver to Wlodek, got in salmon. Fighting also against 4 Czech casters and only Josef Luxa was better.
But this year was special and much more special for Wlodek. World Games. An alternative action to Olympic games. Once per 4 years there is a meeting of sports that cannot be at Olympic games. Many times sport participated World Games moved to Olympic Games or came back. In 2005 World Games was held by Duisburg in Germany. And Wlodek was there too. That year Wlodek was incredibly good in fly distance single-handed and only a few casters could match him. But during World Games he had problems with his shoulder. It was very painful.
First qualification round started on 22nd July 14:30. 36 casters participated. Wlodek won this round with 57.78 and 57.61 meters long casts. The second qualification round started 23rd July 14:30 and Wlodek was the only one being able to get both longest casts behind 60 meters. The only men casting one longer cast was Robert Mészáros. After summary of first longest casts from both rounds and sorting, Wlodek moved to semi-final round from second place.
Semi-final round started 24th July 14:30. Only 9 casters participated. Three rounds with 3 casters in a round. Wlodek did not know if he is able to finish the event. The pain in shoulder was devastating. Luckily he should cast in third round so he knew how log casts were done by others. When Wlodek did first cast, he got over 58 meters and decided to cast no more. He knew he would be in final. But Jacek was not sure and wanted Wlodek to cast at least one more cast. So Wlodek did it and got 59.94 meters. Then he stopped his casting. Referee did not understand what was going on. Broadcaster informed that caster gave up the competition. Wlodek was smiling, he knew he got to final. And yes, his casts pushed him to final from 2nd place. Between Steve Rajeff and Henry Mittel.
Final round started at 16:30. Henry made a cast of 51,42meters for first attempt. Since that he was not able to cast more. Wlodek and Steve fought for gold. Each cast, still longer distance. Wlodek was in a trance. For all the time of casting his brain was sending messages to his should to not even a try to complain for a pain and only work hard. And the should really worked hard for all the time. A minute before end Steve was still in lead with cast 58.85 meters and Wlodek has 14 centimeters less. And in that moment Steve had a cast much longer, got to 58.94meters. Wlodek tried to maximally concentrate for the last one cast. Fantastic tight loop flew in the air and did not want to slow down. Flying for a long time. Then finally line fell down and fly was found behind 59 meters. And Steve was not able to answer.
With 59,44 meters long cast Wlodek won his gold event and brought home his gold medal of World Games. It was the last time Castingsport participated World Games. That made the gold much special. As Wlodek said - for more than a month he cannot use his hand but... it worth it!
Next year 2006 was medalless for Wlodek. Substituted by his son Mateusz that again won spinning distance double-handed.
Next 7 years in a row Wlodek got at least one medal. At last European championship in Swedish Malmö he got his second gold medal from championship when he was able to cast over 70 meters as the only caster. It was the last year he participated championship with his son. Mateusz got silver in his great event - spinning distance double-handed.
Year 2008 was new challenge for Wlodek. He desired to prepare world championship at least for once. And he did it that year in his hometown, Krakow. Whole family was involved in preparation, including his wife Dorota, his daughter Karolina and her husband Szymek. Wlodek still remembers the effort and energy he had to put into the preparation to be sure it would be one of the best championships ever. Rumors say that it was the only championship when original price for participation price was finally decreased as organizers were able to obtain a donation for preparing the championship.
Wlodek could not fully concentrate for the competition but even so he got to final rounds of five events. Finally got only one bronze medal in single-handed fly distance but he was happy for it anyway.
In 2009 Wlodek came to Czechia for world championship. On area of Hosín airport he got silver medal for single-handed fly distance, being between Luxa brothers.
Followed by Croatia in 2010, full of weather and wind direction changes. Everytime organizers prepared everything a day before, next morning direction of wind was absolutely different. Power of wind was crazy, from 18 ten, built for casters one day, only two were standing next morning.
Just in this wind everyone trained and for final round came no wind suddenly. Wlodek and other casters had all 57 meters and only centimeters moved Wlodek to bronze position.
And then the top of Wlodek's career came. World championship in 2011. Originally planned for Italy and after complications it was in Czechia again.
Wlodek was loosing after targets even he had only 16 points loss. Fly distance helped him a lot, took other casters 3 and more points. After 4 event he was on 4th place. Jan Luxa leading with 413.7 points, then Patrik Lexa 0.1 points less. Third Jens Nagel with 412.16 points. Wlodek had 411.39 points. It was so close...
Spinning distance. Last cast. Wlodek knew - now or never. Looked like weather would feel the desire of Wlodek to win pentathlon, once for life at least... The wind came. A strong wind. Wlodek did feel it. A chance. To cast now. Just waiting for start free by referee. Start! Wlodek came to start and without any preparation did a twist and casted with all the power that left. Very high. And the plug flew. For a log time it flew in the air. When it fell on the ground, Wlodek saw it was far. Endless waiting for measurement. Would it be enough or not? Wlodek knew it should be a medal, but what kind of it? It was really far...
Leading Jan had 74.25 meters. Second Patrik had 19 centimeters less. Jens from Germany had more, he had 76.17 meters. And Wlodek had 78.37 meters. It really happened. Wlodek for his very first time and as very first Polish man did it - he won pentathlon leading by 2.5 points. When he got the information, his face was shining like a sun in noon. Polish trainer said "Wlodek is happy that he got to final of spinning distance". Wlodek answered "No - I probably won pentathlon". They could no believe him. But he was right.
The first man Wlodek visited with the information was Mirek Pierzyna. Wlodek was very thankful to him because Mirek gave Wlodek a chance to cast in team of Frýdek-Místek 2 at Czech competitions. The rivalry between Poland and Czech casters helped him to improve himself so much that finally he became world champion of pentathlon.
The celebration was epic. So epic that Wlodek does not remember much. Well... he remember the beginning of the celebration. Came to hotel and Slovakian guys dropped him into swimming pool. Wlodek was only able to get his mobile phone and keys out of his pockets. But his glasses fell on bottom of the pool. But main organizer of the celebration, Jan Mészáros did not hesitate and jumped into the pool and gave the glasses back to Wlodek.
Unfortunately year 2011 was a year of great conflict inside Polish team. It escalated so much that finally Wlodek was fired from leading national junior team after 10 years of his work since 2001.
Beside all the problems Wlodek was still able to get medals. From Estonia 2012 he brought two silvers. In fly distance single handed bronze Steve Rajeff was beaten by Wlodek by only 1 centimeter. The second silver medal came from salmon.
Similar result in Germany 2013, on the same events he got bronze medals.
Although year 2014 was medalless, Wlodek was successful again in 2015.
He was great in salmon. Was not best in base round, he had only 3rd best cast, but in final round he was the best and got his fifth gold medal. And he got another great thing - for a long time he was the last Polish guy having medal from x-thlon. That time it was bronze medal from heptathlon.
They were the last medals he obtained for Polish nation.
In 2016 there were no team spirit in national team. It escalated and Wlodek was fired from national team. Reason - he supported juniors from Slovenia on junior world championship. In 2017 championship was in Poland and Wlodek worked there in new role - deputy of referee chief. Got lot of experience from that role.
Gained know-how was used in next year in Sweden where he supported organization of world championship. Was not easy. Technical team consisted of people with no idea what castingsport is and how the event should be prepared. Casting maturity for Wlodek. Provided space did not allow the prepare all courts together so Wlodek spent a lot of time with Autocad simulating the area and placing courts options. At final he even had to say official referee guarantee speech. With stress. Without support piece of paper with text. Searching in his mind...
Hard to say if the casting would be with less stress...
But he handled it.
In 2019 Wlodek got change to cast at world championship under flag of USA. He wished to get at least one medal. And he did it right in the first event, fly skish.
Full 100 points result got by 19 casters. Luckily for Wlodek he got to final with better time. And final round was full of casters with really fast times. Five casters got their result under 1:30. Wlodek got 1:39. Missed once.
But other missed too. Only two casters had 100 points and the rest, faster than Wlodek, missed more than once. He did it. Bronze medal on his neck after a while.
It seemed it could be also medal in heptathlon. But no, it was "only" fourth place.
Last medal for the bronze one...
Since that time castingsport and Wlodek went slowly, but different ways. Covid-19 and family problems made Wlodek pay attention to something else.
Wlodek moved to America and found new hobby - fishing bit salmon fish - steelheads. And also black bass fishing. Wlodek spends a lot of his time with fishing now.
But time to time he still thinks about castingsport. He is trying to find out possibilities how to prepare world championship in USA. Half of September, time perfect for casting and fishing too. First plan was great and it seemed to be possible to prepare the championship. But then it went wrong and the first plan it out of reality. So no world championship in USA so far. But who knows - maybe one year there will be second plan.
Until the second plan appears, Wlodek will take a break for fishing...